Dandruff is a common scalp infection that typically occurs when small bits of dead and dry skin shed from the scalp and appear in the hair. This condition affects people of all ages and often causes the scalp to itch as well. While it might not be a serious medical concern, it can certainly be an annoying and embarrassing issue to deal with. Here’s what you need to know about this condition, its causes, and what you can do to prevent and cure it.

Types of Dandruff

There are various types of dandruff which all have their own different causes. While some dandruff types can effectively be managed by making simple hair care regimen adjustments or by trying out natural remedies, there are others that might require more advanced solutions, including prescription medications.

Dry Skin Dandruff

Dry Skin dandruff is the most common type of dandruff. This specific condition occurs when the scalp becomes excessively dry, which leads to flaking and itching of the scalp. Cold weather and frequent use of harsh shampoos can also contribute to dry skin dandruff.

Oily Scalp Dandruff

The excessive oil production in your scalp can lead to dandruff. When the scalp produces too much oil (sebum), it can mix with dead skin cells, causing them to clump together, which irritates your scalp and forms flakes.

Skin Conditions-Induced Dandruff

Dandruff isn’t always just about a dry or oily scalp. It can also be a consequence of underlying skin conditions such as psoriasis and eczema. These conditions cause an acceleration in skin cell turnover, which results in flakiness.

Sensitivity to Hair Care Products

Our scalps can sometimes be sensitive to certain hair care products or ingredients found in shampoos, conditioners, and hair styling products. Some people might experience dandruff-like symptoms that are caused by a sensitivity or allergic reaction to certain hair care products or ingredients.

Causes of Dandruff

Dandruff can stem from various factors, each contributing to the emergence of those unwanted flakes. Here are some of the most common causes of dandruff:


This is a type of yeast that naturally resides on the scalp. While it’s usually harmless, an overgrowth of Malassezia can lead to dandruff. The yeast feeds on the oils produced by hair follicles, which can result in irritation and flaking.

Hygiene Habits

Infrequent washing or over-washing your hair can disrupt the balance of oils on your scalp and contribute to dandruff formation.

Diet and Stress

Having a poor diet and high-stress levels can weaken the immune system, making you more at risk of dandruff.

Skin Conditions

Certain skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema can also cause dandruff or exacerbate its symptoms.

What You Can Do to Treat and Prevent Dandruff

Dandruff can be a persistent and bothersome concern for many. On the bright side, there are effective ways to both treat and prevent it. So, whether you’re already dealing with those pesky white flakes or keen on keeping your scalp dandruff-free, here are some tips you may consider.

Dandruff Shampoos

Use specialized dandruff shampoos with active ingredients like zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, ketoconazole, or salicylic acid. With regular use, the shampoo can reduce yeast and scalp inflammation. Also, it is also important to vary between different shampoos to prevent resistance from developing.

Lifestyle Changes

Maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent dandruff. Stay well-hydrated to ward off dryness, and nourish your scalp with a diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals, particularly B vitamins and zinc. 

Practice Proper Hair Care

Avoid overwashing your hair as this can strip natural oils causing dryness, while infrequent washing can lead to oily buildup. Instead, opt for mild, moisturizing shampoos and conditioners to preserve your scalp health. Gentle scalp massages while washing also  improve circulation and balance.

Professional Help

If home remedies fall short, consider seeking professional guidance. Experienced barbers can analyze your dandruff’s root cause and suggest tailored treatments. Medicinal shampoos, topical solutions, or lifestyle adjustments may be recommended based on your condition.

Ready to Say Goodbye to Dandruff?

Get dandruff-free scalp by booking an appointment with CG Barbershop. We are here to provide you personalized solutions and help you get the healthy hair you deserve. Remember, a healthy scalp is the foundation for great-looking hair. Book your appointment or visit our barbershop today.